Main Article Content
Introduction & Objective: Thalassemia major is the most common genetic disease in the world. It causes psychosocial problems in patients. Sometimes the role of spirituality in chronic diseases becomes more prominent. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between spiritual attitude and quality of life in adolescents with thalassemia major.
Materials and Methods: The present descriptive correlational study was conducted in 2019 in Golestan province of Iran on 135 adolescents with thalassemia major, who were selected by convenience sampling and were eligible to participate in the study. The data collection tools included two questionnaires to measure the spiritual attitude and quality of life of adolescents. Data was analyzed by Spearman correlation coefficient, Kruskal-Wallis and U Mann-Whitney tests.
Results: The mean and standard deviation of adolescents’ spiritual attitude and quality of life scores was 167.95 ± 9.66 and 26.97 ± 8.07, respectively. Spearman correlation coefficient showed a significant difference between adolescents 'spiritual attitudes and quality of life (r = 0.4, p <0.01), so that with the increase in spiritual attitudes, the quality of life of adolescents also increased.
Conclusion: Spiritual attitudes can increase the quality of life in patients with thalassemia major. It is possible to improve the quality of life of these patients by using religious activities and necessary training in this field.