Main Article Content
Aim: the aim pf present Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis was Evaluate the Effect of Periodontal Disease in Post-Implant Treatment Coverage in Rough-Surfaced implants.
Method:From the electronic databases, PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, Web of Science, EBSCO, LIVIVO, and Embase have been used to perform a systematic literature over the last ten years between 2011 and May 2021. Risk ratio with 95% confidence interval (CI), fixed effect model and Mantel-Haenszel method and mean difference with 95% confidence (CI), fixed effect model and Inverse-variance method were calculated. Random effects were used to deal with potential heterogeneity and I2 showed heterogeneity. I2 values above 50% signified moderate-to-high heterogeneity. The Meta analysis have been evaluated with the statistical software Stata/MP v.16 (The fastest version of Stata).
Result: 301 articles were found, 32 studies that data extraction is not consistent with the present study were excluded, and finally, eight studies were selected. Risk ratio of implant survival rate between patients with history of periodontitis and patients without history of periodontitis was 0.78 (MD, 0.78 95% CI -0.15, 1.71. P>0.05). Mean differences of radiologic marginal bone loss between patients with history of periodontitis and patients without history of periodontitis was 0.53 (MD, 0.53 95% CI 0.41, 0.61. P<0.05).
Conclusion: From Meta-analysis of the present study, a history of periodontitis is a negative indicator of implant survival, however smoking is also a very important factor.