Influence of Eurointegration Processes on Scientific Support of Digitalization of the Public Sphere and Education

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Viktoriia Khaustova, Olena Reshetnyak, Yurii Lupenko, Katerіnamanuilova, Volodymyrmotorny,

Abstract

The article aims at determining the impact of scientific support on the development of digital economy in Ukraine and in other countries. Research methods used are the following: analysis and comparison, correlation analysis, grouping and clustering, statistical and graphical methods. It has been determined that China, the United States and the European Patent Office provide 70% of all the patents issued in the field of Digital communication. The rating of countries depending on the number of patents issued in Digital communication per million people shows that the leaders in this field are the Republic of Korea (147.60), the United States (105.67), and Japan (56.25). The ratingof countries by the number of research articles in Computer Networks and Communications per million people shows that the leaders here are Luxembourg (317.46), Finland (220.83), and Singapore (213.53).Having analyzed the impact of patent and research activity on digital economy development, as assessed by the ICT Development Index and the Networked Readiness Index, we have come to conclusion that these indicators have a weak correlation. To better understand this impact, a cluster analysis of the obtained results has been carried out, dividing the countries into groups depending on the data of the ICT Development Index, Networked Readiness Index, and indices characterizing the scientific support of digital economy (the number of research articles in Computer Networks and Communications per million people and the number of patents issued in Digital communication per million people). The cluster analysis has allowed us to identify four groups of countries,the difference lying in the level of digital economy development and the scientific support provided. The countries included in Cluster 1 are characterized by the dependence of the level of digital economy development on the results of research activity; the countries in Cluster 2 have high levels of both research activity and digital economy development; the countries in Cluster 4 have low levels of both research activity and digital economy development. The authors of the article give recommendations as for the revival of research activity in the digital economy field.

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Viktoriia Khaustova, Olena Reshetnyak, Yurii Lupenko, Katerіnamanuilova, Volodymyrmotorny,. (2021). Influence of Eurointegration Processes on Scientific Support of Digitalization of the Public Sphere and Education. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 7035–7044. Retrieved from https://www.annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/872
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