Design and Standardization of Testing for the Most Important Physical Requirements - Skill and Muscle Quality Prediction for Young Handball Players

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Yasir Kadhim Mohammed, Assistant Professor Mohammed Majid Mohammed Salih, Assistant Professor Mohammed Abdullah Sihoud


The study included four chapters and the most important thing that came in the first chapter is the importance of research by designing and building tests for the most important physical and skill requirements through which we can predict the quality of working muscles and the percentage of fat in the player, and through that we can add the practical and theoretical importance that the Iraqi scientific library needs And handball workers as literature according to the designed test, which enables the sports coach to identify the level of his players using the predicted grades and criteria, which contributes to raising the players’ performance and raising the level of the game., As for the research problem, the researcher noted the lack of tests and standard levels that help the coach determine the player’s level Actual and that this will affect the existence of objective criteria in the evaluation process and dependence on self and personal evaluation in the process of training and competition, and also noted that most of the existing tests have collected with them tests that do not take into account the physiological side of the player, which is one of the aspects that must be taken care of in order for the test to be Designed with certified privacy in sports activities and close to the state of play, it can give a clear calendar picture A prophecy in selecting players and preparing training programs. As for the research objectives, they were to design and codify tests that measure the most important physical - skill requirements of young handball players. Find equations for prediction by knowing the values of the most important physical requirements - skill in terms of working muscle quality and fat percentage for young handball players. As for the third chapter, it includes the descriptive approach in the method of relational relationships, due to its suitability to the nature of the problem, while the fourth chapter is a presentation, analysis and discussion of the findings of the researchers. While the fifth chapter included the most important conclusions and recommendations, namely:
1- 1 - Designing and codifying a test to measure according to the performance requirements (skill - physical) and are considered tools for the values of the player's level.
2- This test can be adopted as a means of evaluation by coaches before entering training programs to prepare players.
3- Standardized test scores and levels were found to serve as objective evidence for the trainer in assessing the individual's level in relation to the group to which he belongs.
4- Finding a general indicator for the test through an equation that gives direct numerical indicators to assess the level of performance.
As for the recommendations that the researchers reached, they are:
1- Using the test that was designed, codified, and set standards for assessing players ’levels by coaches and handball specialists.
2- The use of this test as a means of observing the individual differences between the players during the preparation periods and before entering the competitions.
3- Using this test as criteria in the selection process for players for clubs or teams.

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How to Cite
Assistant Professor Mohammed Abdullah Sihoud, Y. K. M. A. P. M. M. M. S. . (2021). Design and Standardization of Testing for the Most Important Physical Requirements - Skill and Muscle Quality Prediction for Young Handball Players. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 25(6), 8541–8556. Retrieved from