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The article highlights the importance of planting moss, beans, nuts, and corn as a secondary crop in areas vacated by winter wheat, and their root and anise residues in increasing soil fertility. In the current period of cotton-wheat crop rotation, the technology of re-sowing after winter wheat is absolutely not perfect in terms of increasing soil fertility. At the same time, both cotton, winter wheat, and maize, which are grown as secondary crops, are crops that “consume” soil fertility. That is why scientific research has shown that soil fertility is declining.