Main Article Content
In recent years, due to the rather large import of parrots from other countries, cases of acquiring exotic birds with infectious pathologies have become more frequent. Failure to comply with the basic rules of acquisition, quarantine, maintenance, feeding and treatment, further leads to deterioration of the bird's condition or exacerbation of an infectious disease. One of these diseases is respiratory mycoplasmosis, which is not included in the list of mandatory studies. The manuscript contains data on the etiology, clinical picture, features of diagnosis and treatment of mycoplasmosis in parrots. When examining 36 parrots for mycoplasmosis, positive results of laboratory studies of nasal flushes by PCR were obtained in 26 birds (76 %). Of the 26 parrots with positive laboratory results for mycoplasmosis, the majority of birds (24) had a more or less pronounced clinical picture of the disease - 92%, and 2 parrots (8%) had no symptoms of the disease. In the treatment of mycoplasmosis in parrots, the antibiotic doxycycline was given to 14 parrots. After the treatment, negative laboratory results for mycoplasmosis were obtained in 12 parrots (86%), and 2 amazons (14%) had a relapse of the disease. In the future, these parrots were treated with another antibiotic Tylosin, after which there was a complete recovery of the birds. 13 parrots received the antibiotic Tylosin, 11 of them recovered (85%), which was confirmed by the absence of symptoms of the disease and negative laboratory results for mycoplasmosis. In this experimental group, 2 parrots fell (15%).
The conducted studies have shown that long-term treatment of avian mycoplasmosis with the use of the antibiotic Tylosin according to the chosen scheme gives a complete cure, confirmed by laboratory tests in 3 months, 6 months and 1 year. When using a treatment regimen using the antibiotic Doxycycline, in some cases (14%), the disease relapses.