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Construction work is physically hard and must be carried out in conditions which are difficult and hazardous. There are serious hazards of accidental injury and even death due to objects or persons fallings from height, collapse of scaffolding caving in of earth work, handling of explosives and soon.Construction is one of the four industries that is of common importance in all countries. The government of Tamil Nadu prescribed a few safety measures and group insurance scheme, but they find little use in practice. Hence, the present study is an attempt to study thoroughly the income pattern and the determinants of per capita income of construction workers in Srivaikuntam taluk of Thoothukudi district, which will be useful to bring to light several problems faced by them and to suggest suitable remedial measures, The study reveals that The status of construction workers is not fully satisfactory in Thoothukudi district. Therefore they are not able to improve their economic conditions. Implementation of minimum wages will better the status of construction workers. If they are united and organized there is likelihood that their status in the society will be improved.