Study of Anthropometric Indicators in Children, Living in the South Aral Region

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E.M. Maturazova, S.F. Masharipova


Karakalpak State University As you know, physical development is one of the indicators of the health
of the child population. Growth and body weight indicators are an important indicator of the physical
development of children and adolescents (Balandin V.A., Chernyshenko Yu.K. 2005). They are used
to assess and interpretation of the health status of the child population. The data of official statistics
and scientific research indicate that negative trends in the change in demographic indicators in the
Republic of Uzbekistan, including the state of health of the child population, persist (Mambetkarimov
G.A. 2005). The problem of physical development of children and adolescents is studied in various
directions, and one of the most urgent is the problem of studying the characteristics of physical
development. I have children in unfavorable environmental conditions, for example, in the South Aral
Sea region. At the beginning of the third millennium, the problem of the influence of polluted ecology
in this region becomes the most urgent from the point of view of its influence directly on the younger
generation. We examined the indicators of weight and height in girls and boys aged 6 to 14 years,
living in areas with different degrees of environmental pollution: Takhtakupyr district - an
environmental catastrophe zone, Nukus city is a zone of ecological risk and Ellikala region is a zone of
relative ecological well-being. The data are presented in Fig. 1 and 2. As control indicators, the norms
adopted in pediatrics were used (Kamilova RT 2001). When analyzing the annual anthropometric
indicators, we came to the following results. At the age of 6, regardless of where they live, girls are
slightly lower than the standard values. The latter are 111-120 command in relation to them, the
growth of girls is 4 less; 9; and 8%, respectively, in the indicated areas. The increase in body length by
7 years was 6.1; 9.3 and 7.3 cm, which is within the limits of the existing norms, but, despite this, the
growth of the body still remains below the norm by 7; 7 and 10%, respectively, in the districts.

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How to Cite
S.F. Masharipova, E. M. . (2021). Study of Anthropometric Indicators in Children, Living in the South Aral Region. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 25(6), 2835–2840. Retrieved from