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Background: Schizophrenia is a major psychiatric disorder which leads to significant impaired in social cognition global function and quality of life. The ability to adapt to a changing environment is compromises day to day activities.
Aim and objectives: The present study has been undertaken to assess the effectiveness of Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) on the level of Psychopathology severity, Global functioning and Quality of life in patients with Schizophrenia.
Method: The present study was based on purposive sampling technique, where a sample of twenty (N=20) schizophrenia patients were selected from different in-patient units of RINPAS. Participations were recruited as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Further participants were divided into experiment group and control group equally by using odd-even method. The participants were assessed at pre, 1 month-post (SCIT intervention) and at 3 months follow-up assessment on PANSS, BPRS, GAFS and QOL tests which were applied on both experimental and control group individuals. The collected data were analyzed with Mean, Standard Deviation, and Mann Whitney U Test used for treatment effect was used to compare the pre, post and follow-up values of the participants.
Results: Present study findings found that patients with schizophrenia was no significant difference between the experiment and control groups in level of psychopathology severity, Global functioning and quality of life at baseline assessment. Patients with schizophrenia were found to have significant reduction in the level of psychopathology severity, and significant improvement in Global functioning and Quality of life at post intervention. When compared to the control group, post intervention. The global functioning and Quality of life were sustained comparably from the post intervention at follow-up assessment.
Conclusion: Overall finding suggested significant reduction in the level of psychopathology severity, and improvement in global functioning and quality of life in the experiment group after the SCIT intervention.