Main Article Content
The (SWOM) strategy is one of the cognitive strategies that contain organized procedures and practices and sequential and coordinated educational activities, which the teacher uses to develop students ’thinking skills, and help students to use these cognitive skills in different life situations. The (SWOM) strategy is an effective and accurate component of learning because it enables individuals to monitor and organize their performance, and the development of students' thinking skills, which in turn is reflected in students, leading to acceleration of their learning. And the research problem centered in that human resources have become one of the resources that countries work to develop and develop in all educational, educational, behavioral and moral aspects, in order to achieve sustainable development in this area. The human energies and what countries possess of these energies has become today an important resource for the state to use for the development and development of their societies. Through the experience of researchers in the field of fencing, they noticed the existence of psychological problems facing students during the lesson of fencing, and among these problems the presence of psychological hesitation they have when performing skills, especially difficult and dangerous ones, which is reflected negatively on the level of learning and performance of these skills. The decision to perform the required performance is one of the psychological emotions that must be studied and analyzed in order to clarify its reality and concept. To solve this problem, the (SWOM) strategy was used to help students improve the level of personal struggle in order to facilitate learning and skills training, especially learning the compound attack, which is an attempt to reach the student to the correct skill performance.The research aims to: Identifying the level of personal struggle among fourth-year students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Babylon, and understand the impact of (SWOM) strategy in improving the personal struggle of the research sample and learning the compound attack of students. The researchers hypothesized that: There are no significant differences between the mean scores of the control group and the experimental group in the level of personal struggle among fourth-stage students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Babylon. There are no significant differences between the degrees of the experimental group and the control group members according to the use of the SWOM strategy to improve the personal struggle of the research sample. The researchers adopted the experimental approach by designing the two equal groups for its suitability and the nature of the research problem, and the researchers identified the research community as the fourth stage students - College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Babylon, for the academic year (2020-2021). In order to achieve the objectives of the current research, the researchers prepared and prepared the research tools represented by building the personal struggle scale. They used the (SWOM) strategy in conjunction with the realistic treatment method, And they were applied to the individuals of the sample during the main experiment of the research. Then the researchers processed the data statistically by using the statistical bag (spss). The researchers concluded: The use of the (SWOM) strategy, the usual curriculum followed by the subject teacher, and both the experimental and control groups had a positive effect in teaching the performance of some offensive skills in dueling. The experimental group surpassed in research skills, clearly and significantly over the control group. The improvement of personal struggle among the experimental group members significantly affected their performance of some offensive and defensive skills in the fencing lesson compared to the control group. The researchers recommended the following: The need to pay attention to the use of the (SWOM) strategy and encourage those in charge of the educational process because of its positive and effective characteristics of the educational process. Preparing and using strategic programs (SWOM) in lessons in order to increase students' ability to think and learn, which leads to an increase in their achievement and academic performance. Conducting a comparative study between (SWOM) strategy and other strategies in teaching some types of basic, defensive and offensive skills in fencing to students to identify the most appropriate and useful strategies.