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Background: Oral health is important for patients with special needs such as psychiatric patients. Oral lesions are significantly seen higher in individuals with anxiety and depression than the normal healthy individuals with sound mind and body. These symptoms are thought be the mental or emotional origin. These psychosomatic appearances are altogether high in dental patients.
Aims and objective: The target of this investigation was to assess the prevalence of various Oral Mucosal diseases in Anxiety and Depression patients.
Materials and methods: An emergency clinic based observational Study was directed in the department of Psychiatry and branch of Oral Medicine and Radiology. Patients who were determined to have Anxiety or Depression by the specialists utilizing Hamilton Anxiety and Depression scale were exposed to oral assessment to check for oral lesions like Oral Lichen Planus (OLP), Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS), and Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS)etc. Equivalent number of control subjects were likewise included.
Result: A sum of 225 patients (age 20 -65 years) having anxiety or depression were incorporated in study. Old age was related with lower level of stress and anxiety. Lichen planus is a relatively common dermatoses that affects the oral mucosa. It was discovered that lichen planus and burning mouth syndrome were more common in females and myofacial pain disorder was predominant in males. Xerostomia was found to increment with age.
Conclusion: Psychogenic components like stress and anxiety may go about as a risk factor that could impact the commencement of oral mucosal infections. Subsequently psychological management should be taken into consideration while treating patients with these oral diseases.