Main Article Content
Women’s perception of labor pain severity varies depending on several factors such as self-efficacy, her expectations, readiness for childbirth, anxiety, and support.
Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of the educational program on primigravida women’s childbirth self-efficacy (CBSE) and to find out the relationship between CBSE and demographical, reproductive variables.
Methods: Quasi-experimental study design pre-test and post-test for both the study and the control group. The educational program provided for the study group and post-test conducted in the first stage of labor for both groups. Data were analyzed through the use of SPSS.
Results: The highest percentage of primigravida women have a low CBSE among both groups. There are no significant differences between the study and control group in the pre-test period however, there are highly significant differences between study and control group in the post-test period. There are significant differences between women’s CBSE and some study variables during the pre-test, which include women’s age, delivery preference, educational level, and childbirth.
Conclusion: Childbirth self-efficacy among primigravida women was low before receiving the educational program however, it was enhanced in the post-test period. The educational program is effective in enhancing CBSE.
Recommendations: Further studies are required to evaluate CBSE among a large number of nulliparous and multiparous at various hospitals to identify factors determinant for and CBSE.