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Introduction:The estimated number for visually disabled individuals of all ages is 253 million, of which 36 million are blind.It is also estimated that 82% of individuals with blindness are 50 and over.
Aim:This study seeks to exclude the actual cause of vision impairment in blind school Gurugram Haryana.
Methodology:A random, cross-sectional survey weredone in the blind school at Gurugram between December 2019 to March 2020 to examine the most effective eye disorders/ diseases and visual output.Total 74 cases were selected randomly in the study.
Result: This study was conducted under two sub-groups of age (male and female) , first is 21 to 30, and the second is 31 to 40. There were 45 (60.81%) male and 29 (39.19%) female. The total disorders/diseases are categorized in 5 main heads, the corneal disorder was 15 (20.27 %), among them 9 (60.0%) were male and 6 (40.0%) were female, the cataract was 13 (17.57 %), including 8 (61.54%) male and 5 (38.47%) females,the posterior segment concludes 38 (51.35 %), among them 24 (63.15%) male and 14 (36.85%) female, the orbit disease concludes 12 (16.21 %) further for 7 (58.33%) was male and 5(41.67%) was female and others disorders was 9 (12.16 %) issues, among them there were 6 (66.67%) male and 3 (33.33%) female.
Conclusion:This study revels that the eye disorders was more prominent in male, and the main leading cause of visual impairment was the posterior segment disordrs38 (51.35%) and male patient count was 23 (31.08 %) for 31-40 years of the age groups.
Discussion: It has been observes that visual impairmet is a leading cause of blindness and this may leads many other effects over eyes like as low vision etc. There are need to do proper and regular examinations,whose eyes already have less or poor vision.it has also observed that low vision devices can play a major role for improving the sight and rehabliation in specially in low vison patients.