COVID-19 Preventive action Intention Determinants -Focused on the Expanded Health Belief Model-

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Jin-Woo Lee


The world is experiencing a COVID-19 pendemic fear. Accordingly, Korean university students, who were active in k quarantine, studied what they think about the COVID-19 pendemic.Perceived sensitivity, perceived seriousness, perceived benefit, and perceived disability, which are the main variables of the health belief model, were measured. In addition, questions about self-efficacy, subjective norms, and preventive behavior intention were read and answered online. It was done in a way. This study focused on the perceived sensitivity and perceived severity, perceived benefit, perceived disability, self-efficacy, and extended variables of subjective norms of the health belief model. Perceived sensitivity had a negative effect on preventive behavior intention. it is judged that the more information about COVID-19, the less active it will be in infection prevention actions. Therefore, hypothesis 1 was adopted. The perceived severity had a positive effect on preventive behavior. This means that as the number of COVID-19 infections increases and the number of local outbreaks increases, more proactive actions will be taken. Hypothesis 2 was also adopted. The perceived benefit did not affect the intention of preventive behavior, which seems to have little effect on mask hand washing. Hypothesis 3 was rejected. Perceived disability also did not affect preventive behavior intention, which means that the prolonged COVID-19 infection was not significantly affected by increased indifference to infection and the cost of prevention such as masks.Hypothesis 4 was also rejected. Self-efficacy had a positive effect on the intention of preventive behavior, which means that they are positively and proactively engaged in their own prevention efforts, and their satisfaction with these behaviors is high. The results of this study are expected to be helpful in effectively explaining the preventive behavioral intention of risk of diseases such as COVID-19.

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Jin-Woo Lee. (2021). COVID-19 Preventive action Intention Determinants -Focused on the Expanded Health Belief Model-. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 1425–1432. Retrieved from