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Diabetes mellitus was defined by World health Organization as a growing global health problem that affects an estimated 463 million adults worldwide. Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem in KSA.
The Middle East has the highest prevalence of diabetes of any world region, and Saudi Arabia has one of the highest prevalence rates of any country in the Middle East. A reported 18.5 percent of Saudi Arabian adults have diabetes, and the prevalence is increasing. It is a disease with several etiologies. It is one of common diseases in adolescent. Secondary school students with diabetes need special care while they are in school as they may experience problems in glucose levels or other problems. Teachers are persons responsible for students in school, so they should have adequate information and good level of awareness about diabetes to deal with diabetic secondary school students especially in emergency case. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is fast becoming a global epidemic and the number of individuals with diabetes in the world is expected to reach 330 million by 2030.Aim of the study: The study aimed to evaluate the level of awareness and knowledge of diabetes mellitus among secondary school students in the Makkah at Saudi Arabia. Method: cross sectional study conducted among secondary school students at Makkah, during the July to October 2021, the Sample size of diabetic secondary school students. Our total participants were (800).Results:the participants (59.0%) were in the age group more than 16 years mean ±SD(15.68±1.703), the majority of them were males (60.0%) while female(40.0%),also level of education the majority of participant are secondary level were(64.0%) while intermediate were(33.0%) Conclusion: This review highlights the need for increased awareness and knowledge of diabetes mellitus among diabetic type 2 in secondary school students in Makkah . Raising in secondary school students’ awareness about the primary prevention strategies for T2DM should be a public health priority in Saudi Arabia. The means of improving knowledge and awareness of DM needs to be integrated into existing healthcare systems and processes to better inform patients, families, and communities about this chronic disease.