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Knowledge, perceptions and awareness of diabetic retinopathy among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus is considered an important factor for early diagnosis and management of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is common metabolic disorder that is characterized by increased circulating blood glucose levels. Long term, continuous hyperglycemia leads to vasculature-related disorders, including those affecting the eyes, such as retinopathy, diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disease with chronic elevation in blood glucose levels. If not managed, it can lead to multi-organ damage also diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease that is characterized by distortion in the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins and involves hyperglycemia. Diabetes mellitus has different types. Several complications are associated with diabetes including diabetic retinopathy (DR).
This study aimed: The aim of this study to evaluate knowledge, perceptions and awareness of diabetic retinopathy among patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Makkah Al-Mukarramah at Saudi Arabia.
Methods: cross-sectional study was conducted among the diabetic population from July to November 2021, Saudi Arabia. The patients were selected randomly from the general population visiting the diabetic center and primary healthcare clinics in Makkah. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to evaluate their knowledge, perceptions and awareness of diabetic retinopathy and its complication diabetic retinopathy. Our total participants were (600)Results: A total of 600 participants known case of type 2 DM were interviewed to participate in the questionnaire. that most of the participants (34.0%) were in the age group (40-50) years and the data ranged from(13-18) by mean ±SD(15.68±1.703), the majority of them were males (65.0%) while female(35.0%),also regarding level of education the majority of participant are high school level were(28.0%) , awareness diabetic retinopathy(DR) among patients with type 2 diabetes study results show the majority of participant had average awareness were(49.0%) while weak awareness were(30.0%) the data ranged from(1-7) by mean ±SD(4.54±1.88).
Conclusion: The knowledge and awareness the nature and consequences of diabetic retinopathy among patients with diabetes in Makkah patients’ the participants’ motivation to ophthalmology clinic for an eye assessment was poor in the , thus delay early diagnosis and management.